Since 1902 more than one hundred Britons have received the Nobel Prizes. This is one of the best indicators in the world among all countries (the first place belongs to the USA). The reason for such a success lies in the perfect education system in UK, where universities re well-known for their scientific approach learning
UII collected nine stories of famous Nobel laureates who have got higher education in the UK:
- Peter Ware Higgs won Nobel Prize in Physics in 2013 for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism which contributes to understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles. Scientist predicts the existence of a new particle, the detection of which became one of the great goals of physics – the Higgs boson. He was born in 1929 in Newcastle upon Tyne. He studied at King’s College London, where in 1952 Higgs graduated with a master’s degree in Physics.
- Angus Deaton, born in 1945 in Edinburgh is British economist, who in 2015 was awarded by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences by Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics. His work was noted for microeconomics researches in consumption, poverty and prosperity. He got Ph.D at the University of Cambridge. In 1976 as Professor of Econometrics he started working at the University of Bristol. In 1983 he went to Princeton University. Deaton hold American and British citizenship.
- Robert Geoffrey Edwards is a British scientist and physiologist, who won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2010 for the development of technology of in vitro fertilization (artificial insemination). He was born in 1925 Batley, Yorkshire and died in 2013. Edwards served in the British Army and then was awarded a Ph.D at the Institute of Animal Genetics and Embryology at the University of Edinburgh. Undergraduate degree in Biology he completed in Wales in Bangor University.
- John Gurdon is English developmental biologist born in 1933, who is pioneer researcher in nuclear transplantation and cloning. In 2012 Gurdon got the Nobel Prize for Physiology with Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka. They were awarded for the discovery that mature cells can be converted to stem cells. He got Ph.D in Oxford, studying nuclear transplantation. There in 1958 Gurdon cloned a frog using intact nuclei from the somatic cells of a Xenopus tadpole.
- Martin John Evans was born in 1941 in the UK. He is a Welsh biologist who in 1981 was the first to culture mice embryonic stem cells. With Matthew Kaufman they cultivate them in a laboratory. In 1963 he graduated from Cambridge University where he became Ph.D in 1969. He got Nobel Prize in Physiology in recognition of discovery and contribution to the efforts to develop new treatments for illnesses in humans (with Mario Capecchi and Oliver Smithies) in 2007.
- Peter Mansfield was born in 1933 in London. He is British physicist, who in 2003 won Nobel Prize in Medicine for the invention of the method of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. After two years in the British Army he started to study Physics in Queen Mary College, London, where he got Bachelor’s degree in 1959 and Ph.D 1962. Mansfield was knighted in 1993 and now is Professor at University of Nottingham.
- Anthony James Leggett is famous for his researches in the theory of low-temperature physics and superfluidity. He was born in 1938 in London. For contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2013 (with Vitaly Ginzburg and Alexey Abrikosov). He graduated the University of Oxford in mid-twentieth and was awarded here by Honorary DLitt in 2015.
- Clive William John Granger is a British economist who was born in 1934 in Swansea, Wales and died in 2009. He was awarded Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 2003 for development of methods for analyzing economic time series with common trends. His research had changed fundamentally the way of economic analysis of financial and macroeconomic data. He started secondary school in Cambridge and then got degree in Nottingham University.
- Oliver Smithies is famous British-born scientist who is well-known for his researches in gel electrophoresis and gene targeting. He was born in in Halifax, West Yorkshire in 1925. Smithies became Master of Art and Ph.D in 1951 at Oxford (Balliol College). In 2007 he won the Nobel Prize in Physiology for discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells (with Martin John Evans and Mario Capecchi).